AccScience Publishing / IJB / Volume 9 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.18063/ijb.699
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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Evaluation of mechanical and biological properties of akermanite/poly-ether-etherketone composite fabricated by hightemperature laser powder bed fusion

Zhiyuan Chen1 Haoze Wang1 Jin Su1 Zixing Shu2 Jiayi Hou1 Peng Chen1* Zhaoqing Li3 Chunze Yan1 Yusheng Shi1
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1 State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
2 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China
3 Wuhan Zeqing Technology Co. Ltd., Wuhan 430074, China
Submitted: 27 October 2022 | Accepted: 11 January 2023 | Published: 3 March 2023
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser bioprinting technologies)
© 2023 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ )
Abstract

High-temperature laser bed powder fusion (HT-LPBF) technology is an ideal method for processing poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) implants with personalized bionic structures, but the biological inertia of PEEK limits its medical applications. In this study, we evaluated the mechanical and biological properties of a novel akermanite (AKM)/PEEK composite for HT-LPBF. The results showed that tiny AKM particles are evenly attached to the surface of the PEEK particle. The delayed peak crystallization temperature and stable sintering window ensure the processing feasibility of the AKM/PEEK composites. The tensile strength and Young’s modulus are in the range of 30.83–98.73 MPa and 2.27–3.71 GPa, respectively, which can match the properties of cancellous bones and meet their implanting requirement. The CCK-8 experiments demonstrated the biocompatibility of the composites and the good proliferation of bone marrow stromal cells. The dense hydroxyapatite network layer and petal-like hydroxyapatite demonstrates biological activity, indicating that the composite has a good potential in the orthopedics fields.

Keywords
Additive manufacturing
Laser powder bed fusion
Akermanite/polyether-ether-ketone composite
Mechanical properties
Biological properties
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International Journal of Bioprinting, Electronic ISSN: 2424-8002 Print ISSN: 2424-7723, Published by AccScience Publishing