Microstructure, mechanical properties, and corrosion performance of additively manufactured CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy before and after heat treatment
Equiatomic CoCrFeMnNi, one of the well-known high-entropy alloys, possesses attractive mechanical properties for many potential applications. In this research, the effects of heat treatment on additively manufactured CoCrFeMnNi materials were studied. A pilot experiment was conducted to select two selective laser melting (SLM) conditions of different laser scanning speeds based on the density and porosity of obtained materials. Thereafter, microstructure, tensile properties, impact fracture, microhardness, and corrosion resistance were investigated for the materials obtained under the two selected SLM conditions, with and without heat treatment. It was discovered that while the texture with a strong <100> alignment was observed in both as-built and heat treated materials, the texture of heat treated materials was stronger. Also, heat treatment drastically improved the ductility of as-built CoCrFeMnNi by 23 – 59% for the selected SLM conditions, while the ultimate tensile strength showed only negligible change. The increase of ductility was believed to result from the release of residual strain and the increase of average grain size after heat treatment. Moreover, heat treatment was able to bring noticeable improvement in energy absorption for the as-built CoCrFeMnNi, reflected by 11 – 16% more energy absorption. Besides, all studied materials showed signs of ductile fracture, but more signs of brittle fracture, such as cleavage facets, were found in the as-built materials as compared with the heat-treated materials. In addition, higher laser scan speed was found to cause moderate reduction in corrosion resistance. Effect of heat treatment was also negative and mild for lower scanning speed case. However, the highest reduction in corrosion resistance was observed after heat treatment of the high laser scanning speed case.
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