AccScience Publishing / GHES / Volume 1 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.36922/ghes.1412
Cite this article
81
Download
1098
Views
Journal Browser
Volume | Year
Issue
Search
News and Announcements
View All
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

An epidemiological study of social support, pain self-efficacy, and health locus of control among elderly patients with musculoskeletal disorders: Which is the role of sociodemographic and clinical variables?

Eleni Anyfantopoulou1 Paraskevi Theofilou1*
Show Less
1 School of Social Sciences, Hellenic Open University, Patras, Greece
Submitted: 29 July 2023 | Accepted: 18 August 2023 | Published: 21 September 2023
© 2023 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ )
Abstract

The musculoskeletal system is a human body system that provides our body with the ability to move or stand. Thus, naturally, musculoskeletal disorders could hamper these natural functions. The purpose of this study is to investigate opinions of elderly people with musculoskeletal disorders regarding social support, pain self-efficacy, and health locus of control. A semi-structured questionnaire covering five sections was employed to survey the study participants. The first section was set to solicit demographic data; the second was used to survey about the state of health; the third about the perception regarding social support on a multidimensional scale; the fourth about the pain self-efficacy; and the fifth about the health locus of control. The mean age of the participants recruited in this study was 76.1 years and the majority were female, primary school graduates and retirees. Furthermore, most of them had been employed for moderate/mild manual labor, had average financial status, and was receiving medications for musculoskeletal problems. The results showed that family, social support, and financial status have positive effect on self-efficacy in pain. This study also showed that women took control of more their health better than men and the divorcees underperformed relative to the married individuals in taking control of their health. In summary, social support and internal health beliefs (locus of control) positively affect pain self-efficacy in elderly with musculoskeletal diseases.

Keywords
Elderly
Musculoskeletal disorders
Social support
Pain
Self-efficacy
Health locus of control
Funding
None.
References

Calcinotto, A., Kohli, J., Zagato, E., Pellegrini, L., Demaria, M., & Alimonti, A. (2019). Cellular senescence: Aging, cancer, and injury. Physiological Reviews, 99(2):1047-1078. https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.00020.2018

 

Emerson, K., Boggero, I., Ostir, G., & Jayawardhana, J. (2018). Pain as a risk factor for loneliness among older adults. Journal of Aging and Health, 30(9):1450-1461. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264317721348

 

George, D., & Mallery, P. (2016). IBM SPSS Statistics 23 Step by Step: A Simple Guide and Reference. Available from: https://ndl.ethernet.edu.et/bitstream/123456789/28322/1/ Darren%20Geor ge_2016.pdf [Last accessed on 2023 Jul 19]. Grol-Prokopczyk H. (2017). Sociodemographic disparities in chronic pain, based on 12-year longitudinal data. Pain, 158(2):313-322. https://doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000762

 

Hung, M., Bounsanga, J., Voss, M.W., Crum, A.B., Chen, W., & Birmingham, W.C. (2017). The relationship between family support; pain and depression in elderly with arthritis. Psychology Health Medicine, 22, https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2016.1211293

 

Miaskowski, C., Blyth, F., Nicosia, F., Haan, M., Keefe, F., Smith, A., et al. (2020). A biopsychosocial model of chronic pain for older adults. Pain Medicine, 21(9):1793-1805. https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnz329

 

Minetto, M.A., Giannini, A., McConnell, R., Busso, C., Torre, G., & Massazza, G. (2020). Common musculoskeletal disorders in the elderly: The star triad. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9(4):1216. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9041216

 

Nicholas, M. (1989). Self-Efficacy and Chronic Pain: St Andrews: Annual Conference of British Psychological Society.

 

Perissinotto, C.M., Cenzer, S.I., & Covinsky, K.E. (2012). Loneliness in older persons: A predictor of functional decline and death. Archives of Internal Medicine, 172(14):1078-1083. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2012.1993

 

Perry, G., Nunomura, A., Hirai, K., Zhu, X., Pérez, M., Avila, J., et al. (2002). Is oxidative damage the fundamental pathogenic mechanism of Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases? Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 33(11), 1475-1479. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0891-5849(02)01113-9

 

Reddy, P.H. (2011). Neurogenetics of Aging. In: Αlbert M.L., & Knoefel, J.E (eds.). Clinical Neurology of Aging. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 13-30.

 

Richmond, N.L., Meyer, M.L., Hollowell, A.G., Isenberg, E.E., Domeier, R.M., Swor, R.A., et al. (2018). Social support and pain outcomes after trauma exposure among older adults: A multicenter longitudinal study. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 34(4):366-374. https://doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000545

 

Terzaki, F., Tsironi, M., & Theofilou, P. (2023). Do clinical and demographic characteristics affect pain self-efficacy in chronic disease patients under-going occupational therapy? A cross-sectional study in Greece. EC Nursing and Healthcare, 5:11-13. https://doi.org/10.55920/2771-019X/1334

 

Theofilou, P. (2015). Translation and cultural adaptation of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support for Greece. Health Psychology Research, 3:45-47.

 

Theofilou, P., Aroni, A., Tsironi, M., Sachlas, A., Alikari, V., Kolovos, P., et al. (2014). Reliability of the Greek version of “pain self-efficacy questionnaire” in patients with chronic kidney disease. Hellenic Journal of Nursing, 53(2):175-184.

 

Theofilou, P., Ferentinou, A., & Tsironi, M. (2022). Investigation of physical and mental fatigue and quality of life in people with musculoskeletal problems. Archives of Epidemiology and Public Health Research, 1(2):61-68.

 

Wallston, K.A., Stein, M.J., & Smith, C.A. (1994). Form C of the MHLC scales: A condition-specific measure of locus of control. Journal of personality Assessment, 63(3):534-553. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa6303_10

 

Warner, L.M., Ziegelmann, J.P., Schüz, B., Wurm, S., Tesch- Römer, C., & Schwarzer, R. (2011). Maintaining autonomy despite multimorbidity: Self-efficacy and the two faces of social support. European Journal of Ageing, 8(1):3-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-011-0176-6

 

World Health Organization. (2022). Musculoskeletal Health. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/ detail/musculoskeletal-conditions [Last accessed on 2023 Jul 19].

 

Xu, Z., & Teixeira, M.T. (2019). The many types of heterogeneity in replicative senescence. Yeast, 36(11):637-648. https://doi.org/10.1002/yea.3433

 

Zimet, G.D., Dahlem, N.W., Zimet, S.G., & Farley, G.K. (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52(1):30-41.

Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Share
Back to top
Global Health Economics and Sustainability, Electronic ISSN: 2972-4570 Published by AccScience Publishing