AccScience Publishing / ARNM / Volume 1 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.36922/arnm.0408
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Concurrent intensity-modulated radiation therapy and chemotherapy plus nimotuzumab for locally advanced cervical squamous cell cancer: A long-term follow-up result

Ang Qu1 Ping Jiang1 Panfeng Wang1 Muyi Zhang1 Xiuwen Deng1 Weijuan Jiang1 Xu Li1 Haitao Sun1 Weishu Hua1 Junjie Wang1*
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1 Department of Radiation Oncology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, P.R. China
Submitted: 8 April 2023 | Accepted: 19 June 2023 | Published: 5 July 2023
© 2023 by the Author(s). Licensee AccScience Publishing, Singapore. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ )
Abstract

The study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of concurrent intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and chemotherapy plus nimotuzumab for the treatment of locally advanced cervical squamous cell cancer (LACSCC). From December 2013 to March 2017, 34 patients with stages IB2–IVA (FIGO 2009) cervical squamous cell cancer were enrolled and received concurrent chemoradiotherapy plus nimotuzumab. The prescription radiation dose was 50.4 Gy/28 F on the pelvic field with or without extended-field radiation. An additional 30–36 Gy to Point A was delivered with high-dose-rate brachytherapy. Cisplatin 40 mg/m2 and nimotuzumab 200 mg were infused intravenously weekly. The main and secondary outcome measures were toxicity evaluated using common terminology criteria for adverse events 4.03. and the outcome evaluated using response evaluation criteria in solid tumors 1.1, respectively. The median follow-up duration was 66 months (13 – 98 months). All patients received 6 times of IMRT, brachytherapy, and nimotuzumab. Among them, 24 received six cycles of chemotherapy, while 11 received 4–5 cycles. No life-threatening toxicity was found. The incidence of acute Grade 3 bone marrow depression was 52.9% (18/34), and Grade 3 gastrointestinal tract reaction was 8.8% (3/34). The incidence of late toxicities was 58.8% (20/34), including vaginal-rectal fistula, intestinal obstruction, rectal hemorrhage, hematuria, vaginal stenosis, and paresthesia. About 90% of those were Grades 1–2. Complete response was achieved in 33 cases (97.1%). The 3-year disease-free survival, local progression-free survival (LPFS), and overall survival rates were 79.4%, 91.2%, and 82.4%, respectively. The corresponding 5-year values were 79.4%, 91.2%, and 79.3%. In conclusion, concurrent IMRT and chemotherapy plus nimotuzumab may represent a well-tolerated and effective treatment regimen in patients with LACSCC.

Keywords
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy
Locally advanced cervical squamous cell cancer
Nimotuzumab
Funding
National Clinical Key Specialty Construction Program, P. R. China (2021)
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Conflict of interest
No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.
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Advances in Radiotherapy & Nuclear Medicine, Electronic ISSN: 2972-4392 Print ISSN: TBA, Published by AccScience Publishing