AccScience Publishing / IJPS / Online First / DOI: 10.36922/ijps.1681
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Marital dissolution in India: Patterns and correlates

Harihar Sahoo1* Manas Ranjan Pradhan2 Manor Alagarajan2 Madhurima Sharma3 Sunandita Das1
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1 Department of Family and Generations, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Fertility and Social Demography, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Population and Development, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Submitted: 25 August 2023 | Accepted: 10 January 2024 | Published: 10 May 2024
© 2024 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ )
Abstract

The rate of marital dissolution in India is relatively low from a global perspective; however, the rate of separation exceeds that of divorce. This study aims to estimate the prevalence, trends, variations, and determinants of marital dissolution in India. We employed the approaches of descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression to examine the relationship between marital dissolution and its correlates among ever-married women in India. The findings revealed that urban women are more prone to marital dissolution, with higher rates observed among the impoverished and childless compared to their counterparts. Risk factors such as infertility, poverty, child marriage, the educational gap between spouses, urbanization, and spousal violence contribute significantly to marital disintegration. Special attention should be directed towards these segments of the population to promote marital stability.

Keywords
Marital dissolution
Divorce
Separate
India
Region
Funding
The authors thank the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the Government of India, and the IIPS for providing a research grant for undertaking this study.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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International Journal of Population Studies, Electronic ISSN: 2424-8606 Print ISSN: 2424-8150, Published by AccScience Publishing