AccScience Publishing / BH / Volume 1 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.36922/bh.0913
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PERSPECTIVE ARTICLE

Autonomic nerve and its modulation approaches for heart failure

Hanyu Zhang1,2† Yanfang Zhu1,2† Siyu Chen1,2† Keqiong Deng1,2 Meng Zheng1,2 Ziyue Zeng1,2 Qiongxin Wang1,2 Huanhuan Cai1,2* Zhibing Lu1,2*
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1 Department of Cardiology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
2 Institute of Myocardial Injury and Repair, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
Brain & Heart 2023, 1(2), 0913 https://doi.org/10.36922/bh.0913
Submitted: 6 May 2023 | Accepted: 28 June 2023 | Published: 19 July 2023
© 2023 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ )
Abstract

Heart failure, a condition that arises from numerous cardiovascular disorders, is a primary contributor to mortality related to cardiovascular disease. Typically noticed in heart failure is heightened sympathetic activity coupled with diminished parasympathetic activity. The autonomic nervous system governs the heart’s neurological regulation through opposing functions of its sympathetic and parasympathetic components, which regulate conduction velocity, heart rate, coronary blood flow, and contractile force. Promising treatments for heart failure include inhibiting the sympathetic nerve’s overactivity and restoring parasympathetic activity in the heart. In this review, we describe neural modulation approaches that have potential to assist in the management of heart failure.

Keywords
Sympathetic nerve
Parasympathetic nerve
Heart failure
Funding
National Natural Science Foundation of China
Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province of China
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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Brain & Heart, Electronic ISSN: 2972-4139 Published by AccScience Publishing