AccScience Publishing / AN / Volume 2 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.36922/an.388
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

The effects of a task-oriented walking intervention on improving balance self-efficacy in post-stroke patients

Malik Muhammad Atif1 Farjad Afzal1*
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1 Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
Advanced Neurology 2023, 2(2), 388 https://doi.org/10.36922/an.388
Submitted: 20 February 2023 | Accepted: 2 May 2023 | Published: 30 May 2023
© 2023 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ )
Abstract

The objective of study was to find out the effects of a task-oriented walking intervention on improving balance self-efficacy in post-stroke patients. In the present study, 30 patients with stroke who volunteered to participate were selected after informed consent was obtained. Subjects were divided into two groups by lottery random method. Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Activity-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale were applied as the outcome measurement tools. The interventions lasted for 6 months. The experimental group received task-oriented walking intervention. The control group received conventional interventions in the form of range of motion exercises, strength, and other conventional treatments. The baseline mean scores were 27.2 ± 7.13 and 31.26 ± 10.43 on ABC scale and BBS, respectively, in control group, whereas the scores were 29.13 ± 8.00 and 21.80 ± 8.98, respectively, in experimental group. The post-interventional mean scores were 31.40 ± 6.56 and 33.46 ± 9.818 on ABC scale and BBS, respectively, in control group, whereas the scores were 38.34 ± 8.42 and 37.06 ± 10.13, respectively, in experimental group. This study concluded that patients who were receiving task-oriented walking had considerable improvement in balance self-efficacy. Patients who were in control group and did activities while sitting showed lesser improvement compared to those receiving task-oriented walking. Therefore, the findings showed that task-oriented walking therapy is potential in improving balance self-efficacy and daily living activities of patients with stroke.

Keywords
Task-oriented walking intervention
Balance self-efficacy
Stroke
Techniques
Funding
None.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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Advanced Neurology, Electronic ISSN: 2810-9619 Published by AccScience Publishing