AccScience Publishing / JCAU / Volume 5 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.36922/jcau.0880
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Style evolution rules of Tibetan dwellings in the Amdo Tibetan region: An architectural typology perspective

Shanshan Zhu1 Hongtao Liu1* Miran He1 Yingjiao Yao2
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1 Faculty of Architecture, Southwest Jiaotong University/Building and Design Hall, Building 8, West High-tech Zone, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
2 Faculty of Innovation and Design, City University of Macau, K.C.Wong Building, Avenida Padre Tomás Pereira Taipa, Macau, China
Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism 2023, 5(2), 0880 https://doi.org/10.36922/jcau.0880
Submitted: 29 April 2023 | Accepted: 24 May 2023 | Published: 16 June 2023
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Conservation and Revitalization of Architectural Heritage)
© 2023 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ )
Abstract

The Amdo Tibetan region is one of the three major Tibetan regions in China, along with the Jiarong Tibetan region and the Kangba Tibetan region. The Amdo Tibetan region is located in the Tibetan-Qiang-Yi corridor, where many ethnic groups have migrated for a long period, and the Tibetan dwellings in the region have typical characteristics such as the intermingling of multiple cultures and various construction methods. With post-disaster reconstruction and rural revitalization work, the architectural landscape of the dwellings in the region has gradually become homogenized with that of other Tibetan regions, suffering construction damage and distorting the architectural culture. However, the current academic circle lacks a description of the evolution rules of folk styles in the Tibetan areas of Amdo. To fill this knowledge gap, this paper selected typical folk styles in Jiuzhaigou Valley in the Tibetan areas of Amdo as the research subject. Based on the perspective of architectural typology, this paper classified folk styles based on field research and constructed a quantitative analysis framework using a “classified-iconic index- characteristic calculation index.” Finally, the following conclusions were reached: (1) The Tibetan dwellings in Jiuzhaigou, as a whole, are evolving in a direction that reflects originality in the plans, modernity in the structure, and autonomy in construction. (2) In the rural settlements of the Ando Tibetan region, the environment, managers, and villagers interact with each other, and the method and degree of influence are intuitively reflected in the appearance of the dwellings. The results of the above study reveal the evolution of the residential landscape in the Tibetan area of Amdo, enriching the theoretical perspective and implementation approaches for the study of residential landscapes, and providing new ideas for the conservation and development of residential houses in ethnic areas in the future, contributing to rural revitalization.

Keywords
Style evolution
Tibetan dwellings
Amdo Tibetan region
Architectural typology
Jiuzhaigou
Funding
National Key R&D Program of China
Subject of Science and Technology Department of Sichuan province
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Conflict of interest
All authors declare they have no competing interests.
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Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism, Electronic ISSN: 2717-5626 Published by AccScience Publishing