AccScience Publishing / JCAU / Volume 5 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.36922/jcau.179
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Bioregenerative algal architectures

Ramandeep Shergill1*
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1 Department of Bio-Integrated Design, Faculty of the Built Environment, The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism 2023, 5(3), 179 https://doi.org/10.36922/jcau.179
Submitted: 14 March 2023 | Accepted: 16 August 2023 | Published: 7 September 2023
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Regenerative Architecture)
© 2023 by the Author(s). Licensee AccScience Publishing, Singapore. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ )
Abstract

Contemporary biospheres will be needed in terms of life support in the face of climatic consequences of the Anthropocene and to sustain future space travel. For life to flourish on Earth and beyond, key elements are required — including carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorous — which need to regenerate through physiochemical alliances and symbioses with other life forms. Bioregenerative systems are defined as artificial ecosystems, which are made up of intra-relationalities with various species including higher plants, microorganisms, and animals. In this paper, bioregenerative architectural habitats are considered a solution for a planet that faces substantial ecological damage and for the likelihood of multiplanetary inhabitation in future. Mutually beneficial systems incorporating working with microalgae in conjunction with bioreactor technologies could constitute a means of survival on a damaged planet or to help start multiplanetary colonies. This paper illustrates the potential of a non-anthropocentric, bioregenerative life support strategy working with various microalgae species. Past- and present-related bioregenerative systems are reviewed and future applications of microalgae enhancing a sympoietic alignment (collectively producing systems) of the human and nonhuman with microorganisms are considered. Future alliances with microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris, are proposed to work within bioregenerative systems on Earth and in space. This paper clarifies how the combination of technology, speculative architectural design and microalgae can enhance carbon dioxide mitigation, furthering gaseous exchange for life support, enabling human and nonhuman species to flourish in harsher environments on Earth and beyond low Earth orbit.

Keywords
Microalgae; Ecological impact; Photobioreactor; Carbon dioxide mitigation; Sympoiesis; Biological in situ resource utilization
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Conflict of interest
The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
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Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism, Electronic ISSN: 2717-5626 Print ISSN: TBA, Published by AccScience Publishing