AccScience Publishing / JCAU / Volume 5 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.36922/jcau.1242
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Spatial scale plasticity of urban residential areas: Lessons from Shanghai’s model in response to COVID-19

Fan Yang1* Zhi Wei1 Jiayin Wang1
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1 Department of Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism 2023, 5(3), 1242 https://doi.org/10.36922/jcau.1242
Submitted: 4 July 2023 | Accepted: 4 August 2023 | Published: 25 August 2023
© 2023 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ )
Abstract

Shanghai’s measures to address the COVID-19 pandemic since March 2022 have attracted world-wide attention. The response to public emergency and pandemic in built environment has prompted a profound reflection in residential planning. This case study investigated an under-developed site located in Shanghai’s Huangpu River waterfront. Based on a site survey, interviews, the phased lockdown policies of different urban areas, and published data on the spatial distribution of infection cases, this paper analyzes the effectiveness of strategies for coping with different stages of epidemic spread at different spatial scales. In addition to ensuring the privacy of living quarters, our residential planning ensures the flow and social communication of people in different neighborhoods, achieving the resilience of local lockdown and flow. This study redefines the openness and reasonable scale of residential areas based on analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of gated and block residential areas facing pandemic. This paper analyzes the feasibility of a residential site plan based on the above conception, which has spatial scale composable features for the basic residential building groups. This study emphasizes that design should be considered to achieve the flexibility of spatial scale through the different assembling pattern of basic-living-space-unit.

Keywords
Spatial scale plasticity
COVID-19
Residential building groups
Space responding model
Shanghai
Funding
National Natural Science Foundation of China
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.
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Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism, Electronic ISSN: 2717-5626 Published by AccScience Publishing