AccScience Publishing / ITPS / Volume 7 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.36922/itps.1418
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sujok as an alternative therapy to reduce dyspnea in patients with respiratory problems

Intansari Nurjannah1* Zakiah Novianti1 Agus Suharto1 Muhammad Yasir Sudarmo1 Ki Hariyadi1
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1 Department of Mental Health and Community Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
INNOSC Theranostics and Pharmacological Sciences 2024, 7(2), 1418 https://doi.org/10.36922/itps.1418
Submitted: 30 July 2023 | Accepted: 30 November 2023 | Published: 28 February 2024
© 2024 by the Authors). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ )
Abstract

The management of dyspnea has received little attention as compared to other potentially severe symptoms of the disease, such as acute and chronic pain. The previous case reports indicated that Sujok therapy can alleviate dyspnea in a short time. This study aimed to determine whether Sujok therapy could reduce dyspnea symptoms in patients with oxygen saturation of less than 96%. Sujok originated from the Korean language, which consisted of the words Su and Jok, denoting hand and foot, respectively. Sujok therapy involves manipulating the hands or feet through massaging, coloring, or attaching seeds, magnets, or needles. This quasi-experimental study involved 34 males and 26 females with oxygen saturation of < 96% and experienced dyspnea with a grade of more than 2 on the Likert scale (1 – 5). Respondents were divided into an intervention group (IG) (n = 30) and a control group (CG) (n = 30), where IG was given the Sujok therapy. Measurements were taken for both groups at 0, 5, 15, and 30 min. The study reported mean ages of 55.6 ± 13.49 and 60.63 ± 9.26 in CG and IG, respectively. The increase in oxygen saturation was statistically significant in the overall measurement time in IG (P < 0.01). After 30 min, the average grade of dyspnea was 3 (moderate) for CG and 2 (mild) for IG. In CG, dyspnea decreased significantly at 30 min by 0.185 (P = 0.001; P < 0.05), whereas in IG, dyspnea decreased significantly at 5 min by 0.649 (P < 0.01). In conclusion, Sujok therapy can increase oxygen saturation and reduce the dyspnea grade in patients with respiratory problems.

Keywords
Sujok therapy
Dyspnea
Respiratory problem
Funding
Universitas Gadjah Mada
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare no competing interests in this study.
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INNOSC Theranostics and Pharmacological Sciences, Electronic ISSN: 2705-0823 Published by AccScience Publishing