AccScience Publishing / IJPS / Volume 8 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.18063/ijps.v8i2.1335

Psychosocial stress and risk assessment  during the COVID-19 pandemic: Some  preliminary thoughts

Milanko Čabarkapa1 Teodora Safiye2* Medo Gutić2,3
Show Less
1 Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
2 Facuty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia
3 Health Center “Dr. Branko Zogović,” Plav, Montenegro
© Invalid date by the Authors. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( )

Human life and activities are associated with risk, as risk is inherent in all forms of human existence and action. Risk is regarded as a phenomenological variable considering how people perceive it, especially during a crisis they experience. This paper discusses the characteristics of human behavior in a crisis, with an emphasis on hazard perception and risk assessment, for the purpose of understanding people’s decisions and adaptation before, during, and after a crisis. The discussion focuses on the ongoing COVID-19 global pandemic.

Psychosocial stress
Risk assessment
Health crisis

Beck U. (1992). Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. United States: SAGE Publications Ltd.


Biggs A, Brough P and Drummond S. (2017). Lazarus and Folkman’s psychological stress and coping theory. In: Cooper CL and Quick JC, editors. The Handbook of Stress and Health: A Guide to Research and Practice. United States: Wiley Blackwell. p. 351-64.


Borodzicz E. (2005). Risk, Crisis and Security Management. West Sussex: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.


Božović M, Mihajlović E and Živković S. (2019). Risk management in the context of multi-risk assessment. FactaUniversitatis, Series: Working and Living Environmental Protection, 16(3):161-9.


Brown VJ. (2014). Risk perception: it’s personal. Environmental Health Perspectives, 122(10):A276-9.


Čabarkapa M. (2016). Stress-General Models, Causes and Effects. Belgrade: Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy.


Mun S, Moon Y and Kim H, et al. (2021). Current discussions on employees and organizations during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic literature review. Frontiers in Psychology, 1639:848778.


Safiye T and Vukčević B. (2020). Dimensions of general psychological distress and age as the predictors of procrastination in university students. Psihološka Istraživanja, 28(2):187-200.


Safiye T, Vukčević B and Čabarkapa, M. (2021). Resilience as a moderator in the relationship between burnout and subjective wellbeing among medical workers in Serbia during the COVID-19 pandemic. Vojnosanitetski Pregled, 78(11):1207-13.


Seneviratne K, Baldry D and Pathirage C. (2010). Disaster knowledge factors in managing disasters successfully. International Journal of Strategic Property Management, 14(4):376-90.


Vujčić I, Safiye T and Milikić B, et al. (2021). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic and mental health status in the general adult population of Serbia: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(4):1957.


Weber EU. (2001). Decision and choice: Risk, empirical studies. In: Smelser NJ and Baltes B, editors. International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. United Kingdom: Elsevier Science. p. 11274-6.


White F. (1974). Natural Hazards: Local, National, Global. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Witte K, Meyer G and Martell D. (2001). Effective Health Risk Messages. United States: Sage Publications

Back to top
International Journal of Population Studies, Electronic ISSN: 2424-8606 Print ISSN: 2424-8150, Published by AccScience Publishing