AccScience Publishing / IJPS / Volume 6 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.18063/ijps.v6i1.1180

A review of disasters in Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh region in India

Sangram Kishor Patel1* Ankit Nanda1 Govind Singh2 Sunita Patel3
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1 Population Council, Zone 5A, India Habitat Centre, Lodi Road, New Delhi, India
2 Independent Consultant and Formerly with Population Council, India
3 Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
IJPS 2020, 6(1), 69–81;
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment and Population Dynamics in South Asia)
© Invalid date by the Authors. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( )

India has always been a disaster-prone country, with multiple states afflicted by different types of disasters. The impact of these disasters is exacerbated when an area is prone to multiple types of disasters. This study attempts to understand the impact of natural and man-made disasters on the people of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) and Ladakh region in India as well as it also examines the resilience mechanisms adopted by the people, and identifies measures taken by the government in response to these disasters. To understand these disasters’ dynamics, we conducted both offline and online desk reviews for this study. The review suggests that J&K and Ladakh region is afflicted not only by multiple natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, avalanches, and landslides but also by the terrorism and violence, which has caused unparalleled death and destruction. These natural and man-made disasters have adversely affected most aspects of life and development in the region. To mitigate the risks, effective disaster risk reduction and management systems, early warning systems and infrastructure need to be strengthened. In addition, community engagement needs to be enhanced with the goal of addressing the grievances of the population and engaging them in the design and implementation of sustainable development programs.

Natural disaster
Man-made disaster
Jammu and Kashmir

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