AccScience Publishing / IJPS / Volume 5 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.18063/ijps.v5i2.1130
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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Maternal characteristics and the risk of neonatal mortality in Brazil between 2006 and 2016

Pedro Henrique Costa1 Luciana Correia Alves1* Carlos Eduardo Beluzo2 Natalia Martins Arruda2 Rodrigo Campos Bresan2 Tiago Carvalho2
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1 Department of Demography at the Institute of Philosophy and Human Sciences, Population Studies Center Elza Berquó — NEPO, University of Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas-SP, Brazil
2 Federal Institute of São Paulo, Campinas-SP, Brazil
IJPS 2019 , 5(2), 24–33; https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v5i2.1130
© Invalid date by the Authors. Licensee AccScience Publishing, Singapore. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ )
Abstract

Neonatal deaths account for more than 60% of infant deaths and are a major concern in Brazil. The reduction of the occurrence of these events appears to be more challenging than post-neonatal deaths, as such a reduction depends more on factors related to the pregnancy and childbirth than sanitary and health conditions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of maternal factors (schooling, marital status, and age) on the risk of neonatal mortality in Brazil between 2006 and 2016. Data were collected from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics as well as two information systems of the public health-care system: Mortality Information System and Live Birth Information System. The total valid sample size was 28,362,359 children. Visualization and classification methods were performed. The results revealed a considerably higher risk of neonatal deaths when the mothers were unmarried, had a low level of schooling, and were outside the 20-34-year-old age group. Different demographic profiles in Brazil exert an influence on neonatal health. The identification of the risk factors of neonatal mortality can assist in ensuring pregnancy, delivery, and a neonatal period of greater quality.

Keywords
Infant mortality
Neonatal mortality
Maternal age
Risk factors
Brazil
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International Journal of Population Studies, Electronic ISSN: 2424-8606 Print ISSN: 2424-8150, Published by AccScience Publishing