AccScience Publishing / IJPS / Volume 3 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.18063/ijps.2017.01.005.
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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Disability policies and public views on work disability: A comparative analysis using anchoring vignette data

Na Yin1,2,3* Frank Heiland1,2,3
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1 Marxe School of Public and International Affairs, Baruch College, The City University of New York (CUNY), New York, NY, USA
2 CUNY Institute for Demographic Research, New York, NY, USA
3 The CUNY Graduate Center, New York, NY, USA
© 2017 by the Authors. Licensee AccScience Publishing, Singapore. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ )
Abstract

Using data on disability vignettes from representative surveys in the U.S. and seven European countries, we conduct a comparative analysis of disability policies and public views on work limitations. We hypothesize that program characteristics are related to individuals’ perceptions about work limitations. Looking at how respondents across countries characterize identical disability vignettes, we find evidence that disability policy dimensions such as policy coverage, medical assessment, and vocational assessment strongly predict disability perceptions. We illustrate the results in a series of counterfactual policy simulations. Our findings have implications for policy design and delivery. The anchoring vignette approach may also be useful in a wide range of comparative policy studies.

Keywords
comparative analysis of disability policies
disability perception
anchoring vignette approach
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