AccScience Publishing / IJPS / Volume 10 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.36922/ijps.380
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Age-friendly cities and lifelong learning

Brian Findsen1*
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1 University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand
IJPS 2024, 10(2), 18–26;
Submitted: 30 September 2022 | Accepted: 2 February 2023 | Published: 13 March 2024
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active Ageing and Educational Gerontology)
© 2024 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( )

This article investigates the modern phenomenon of age friendliness, more particularly the notion of an “age-friendly city,” from both a macro perspective as well as at the level of a localized application of age friendliness in a single city. Much of the rhetoric of age-friendly conceptualization has strong affinity to the themes of lifelong learning, and proponents of each sector can benefit from mutually understanding the respective principles and implementation strategies of the other. Allied concepts of aging (“growing older”) and active aging are discussed before discussion of the main discourses of lifelong learning. A case study of an age-friendly city in New Zealand is presented wherein achievements and challenges are discussed; an argument is presented that as “close cousins,” actors within these two domains can enhance the application of their humanistic principles by closer alignment of policy and practices. Further, challenges ahead for implementation of age friendliness are discussed, some of which are shared by the lifelong learning movement.

Lifelong learning
Age friendly cities
Aging in place
Later life learning
Active aging

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Conflict of interest
The author is the Chair of the Age-friendly Hamilton Steering Group. The case study directly relates to this voluntary work. It is not possible to exercise impartiality in discussing the theoretical and practical aspects of this article.
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