Under the background of global warming and rapid urbanization, Chinese cities are facing numerous challenges in addressing climate issues, such as extreme heat waves and significant urban heat islands effect. Those challenges severely influenced the quality of human settlement and urban sustainable development. Therefore, there is an urgent need to explore the characteristics of urban climate and uncover its mechanism, so as to provide experiences to promote urban sustainable development. This special issue focuses on climate issues in the Chinese context, the following topics are recommended but are not limited to:
1) Urban thermal environment, such as urban heat islands effect, urban heat vulnerability, extreme heat waves, etc.
2) Urban climate change, such as heavy droughts, extreme precipitation and floods, etc.
3) Urban climate impacts, such as urban systems, human health, etc.
4) Urban Climate adaptation and resilience, such as urban planning mitigation measures, government policies, and so on.