AccScience Publishing / JCAU / Volume 6 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.36922/jcau.1732
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ORGINAL ARTICLE

Residential urban heritage space identification, delimitation, and potential assessment model based on space syntax

Yukun He1* Keji Chen2 Xiao Han3
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1 Department of Architecture, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto City, Kyoto, Japan
2 Department of Architecture, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo City, Tokyo, Japan
3 Department of Landscape Architecture, School of Architecture, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism 2024, 6(2), 1732 https://doi.org/10.36922/jcau.1732
Submitted: 31 August 2023 | Accepted: 14 November 2023 | Published: 24 April 2024
© 2024 by the Author (s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ )
Abstract

In the era of post-modernization, profound transformations in urban spaces have led to significant shifts in the spatial composition paradigms of contemporary urban heritage. Research on this process is crucial for elucidating the spatial pathways and compositional changes in the modernization transformation of urban heritage. This study aims to establish identification indicators and assessment systems for the spatial structure of urban residential environments exhibiting historical characteristics and heritage potential through a comparative analysis of residential urban heritage spatial paradigms in historic cities in China and Japan. First, grounded in space syntax theory, this study selected residential urban heritage in Suzhou’s Pingjiang Historic District and Uji’s Nakauji District as research cases. Utilizing road network data, this study analyzed the Life Integration (Int.VR1000) and Global Integration (Int.VR5000) of urban heritage spaces, thereby constructing a spatial topology system for heritage spaces. Second, the study employed urban spatial entropy indicators, such as architectural density entropy, spatial morphology entropy, and function mixing entropy, to quantitatively describe the spatial structure, consequently establishing a heritage space morphological structure indicator system. Finally, spatial clustering methods are used to integrate the spatial topology system with the morphological structure indicator system, resulting in a feature model for residential urban heritage spaces. The research results indicate that the transformation path of residential space paradigms is mainly influenced by spatial topology, affecting the structure of residential heritage spaces in three aspects: functional layout, building density, and spatial form. This phenomenon, in turn, impacts population distribution and the migration of living spaces. However, at the same time, the “resistance effect” of street and lane spaces and the limitations of architectural forms on spatial functions have protected the integrity and authenticity of the internal space.

Keywords
Space syntax
Spatial entropy
Residential urban heritage
Potential assessment
China-Japan comparison
Historic cities
Funding
None.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism, Electronic ISSN: 2717-5626 Published by AccScience Publishing