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Agmatine as a Novel Treatment Option for Neuropathies: Experimental Evidences

Mrunali D. Dhokne1 Madhura P. Dixit1 Mayur B. Kale1 Manish M. Aglawe1 Milind J. Umekar1 Brijesh G. Taksande1*
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1 Division of Neuroscience, Department of Pharmacology, Shrimati Kishoritai Bhoyar College of Pharmacy, Kamptee, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
INNOSC Theranostics and Pharmacological Sciences 2022, 5(2), 1–10;
Submitted: 7 February 2023 | Accepted: 31 March 2023 | Published: 27 April 2023
© 2023 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( )

N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonist, a subclass of glutamate receptors or nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors, prevents neuronal plasticity. However, neural plasticity plays a major role in the pain caused by inflammation and neuropathy, providing clinical opportunities for the use of NOS inhibitors and NMDAR antagonists in the treatment of chronic pain. The neuromodulator agmatine has both NOS inhibitory and NMDAR antagonistic activity, and it controls a range of neurotransmitters and signaling pathways in the brain and spinal cord. The effects of agmatine on pain modulation are described and explored in this article, along with a potential mechanism of action for these effects. We specifically offer evidence to support further clinical and pre-clinical trials looking into agmatine as a novel therapeutic agent for neuropathic pain.

Neuropathic pain
Nitric Oxide
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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