AccScience Publishing / JCAU / Volume 3 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.36922/jcau.v3i2.1167
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A Look at the Architectural Cultural Exchange Between East and West During the Yuan and Ming Dynasties from the Brick-Vaulted Bathroom Outside Nanjing’s Zhonghua Gate – A Secondary Publication

Ying Bai1* Tao Chen2
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1 School of Architecture, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
2 National Defense Engineering College, Army Engineering University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China

This article belongs toSecondary Publication Section, and is translated by Douglas Ellsworth from an article published in Journal of Architecture History《建筑史学刊. Citation of primary version: Ying Bai, Tao Chen, 2021, The Domed Bathhouse Near Zhonghua Gate of Nanjing and the Architectural Exchange between East and West Asia in the 13th and 14th Centuries. Journal of Architecture History, 2(1):145-157.

Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism 2021, 3(2), 1167
© Invalid date by the Authors. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( )

There is a brick-vault roofed bathroom building, commonly known as the Cistern Hall (Wengtang), opposite the Grand Baoen Temple Heritage and Scenic Area near the Zhonghua Gate in Nanjing. This article analyzes its shape and characteristics by means of a 3D scan that surveys and maps out 2019 data on the site. On this basis, this article suggests that the bathroom may have been built as an annex to the Grand Baoen Temple in the early Ming dynasty. This kind of bathroom design originated in West Asia, entered China during the Yuan dynasty (1271-1368) and became popular in the Jiangnan region during the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. In a lively exchange of architectural ideas, it bore witness to rich, in-depth architectural cultural exchanges between China, Central Asia, and West Asia in the Yuan and Ming dynasties.

Cistern Hall (Wengtang)
domed roof
public bath
architectural culturalexchange
Yuan and Ming architecture

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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism, Electronic ISSN: 2717-5626 Published by AccScience Publishing