AccScience Publishing / JCAU / Volume 4 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.36922/jcau.v4i1.139

Reconstruction of the Masterplan of Jinmingchi Garden in Northern-Song Bianjing (Modern Kaifeng) – A Secondary Publication

Marianna Shevchenko1
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1 Moscow Institute of Architecture, Rozhdestvenka street 11, 107031 Moscow, Russia
Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism 2022, 4(1), 1–15;
Published: 30 June 2022
© 2022 by the Journal of Architectural History. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( )

Jinmingchi (Golden Clear Pond) was a famous imperial garden of the Northern Song dynasty located outside the city walls to the west of the former capital of Bianjing (modern Kaifeng). The majority of the structures were built along the water. A historical scroll painting, Jinmingchi Zhengbiao Tu (Tournament on Jinming Pond), has survived until the present day that depicts the garden and its masterplan. Additionally, Jinmingchi is described in detail, including the dimensions of several buildings, in the Southern-Song’s literature Dongjing MengHuaLu (The Eastern Capital: A Dream of Splendor). Furthermore, in the 1980s and 1990s, when Chinese archaeologists undertook an excavation on the Jinmingchi site, they were able to determine the exact locations of the garden and the main structures within it. The materials above provide a good foundation to research and reconstruct the masterplan of Jinmingchi.

Northern Song dynasty
Jinmingchi garden
Chinese Imperial Garden
garden layout
Basic Scientific Research Plan of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences and the Ministry of Construction of Russia for 2020

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